When developing mobile applications, companies are targeting their Android due to the large global market share of the mobile operating system. Alphabet has made Android available as an open source mobile platform. In addition, the mobile operating system is periodically updated with new features and improvements. However, the penetration rate of the individual versions of the mobile operating system differs.
The alphabet does not control smartphones, tablets and Android tablets manufactured by different companies. That’s why devices manufactured by different companies come with different hardware characteristics, despite being driven by the same version of Android. That is the reason; It is essential for developers to create mobile applications aimed at a wide range of devices powered by different versions of Android.
When planning, developing and testing the mobile application, they should focus heavily on the accessibility, functionality, performance, ease of use and security of the mobile application to keep users independent of their choice of Android devices. In addition, they should explore ways to provide the application with a personalized and customized user experience on different devices and versions of the operating system. They must also address a series of common challenges to develop a robust Android application.
Understand the 7 common challenges faced by Android application developers
1) software fragmentation
As mentioned above, the market share of the individual versions of Android is different. According to the latest data from Google, the latest version of its mobile operating system, Nougat, has a lower market share than its predecessors: Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat. Each new version of Android comes with a series of new features and improvements. Developers must have specific features in the application to provide the best user experience through the use of these new features. At the same time, they must ensure that the application provides a rich and personalized user experience on the devices used by previous versions of Android. Developers must target multiple versions of Android to make the application popular and profitable in the short term.
2) Various hardware properties
Unlike other mobile operating systems, Android is open source. With the alphabet, computer manufacturers can customize their operating system according to their specific needs. In addition, it does not control Android devices launched by several manufacturers. Therefore, the devices come with different hardware features, despite being powered by the same version of Android. For example, two devices with Android Nougat may differ in screen size, resolution, camera and other hardware feature categories. When developing an Android application, developers must ensure that they provide personal experience to each user by opening all the hardware features of their device.
3) There is no uniform process of user interface design or rules
Google has not published a general user interface (UI) design process or rules for mobile application developers. Therefore, most developers create Android applications without following a standard UI development process or rules. When developers create custom user interfaces in their own way, applications do not look or work on different devices. The incompatibility and variety of user interfaces affect the user experience provided by the Android application. Smart developers choose a responsive format to keep the user interface consistent for many devices. In addition, developers must thoroughly test the user interface of their mobile application by combining real devices and emulators. But often, developers are shocking when designing a user interface that consistently shows the application on different Android devices.
4) Incompatibility API
Most developers use third-party APIs to improve the functionality and interoperability of the mobile application. But the quality of third party APIs available for Android application developers is different. Some APIs are designed for a particular version of Android. Therefore, these APIs do not work on devices powered by different versions of the mobile operating system. Developers must explore ways to make a single API work on different versions of Android. But it’s often difficult for them to run the application well on different Android devices with the same set of APIs.
5) Security errors
Open source nature makes it easier for device manufacturers to customize Android according to their specific needs. But the opening and its huge market share made Android vulnerable to frequent security attacks. There are many instances in which the security of millions of Android devices has been affected by security errors or errors such as Stagefright, Certifi Gate, mRST, FakeID, Installer Hijacking, and TowelRoot. Developers must contain robust security features in the application and use the latest encryption mechanism to keep user information secure despite security attacks and security errors in Android.
6) The search engine visibility of Android
The latest data published on different websites shows that Google Play Store has a much larger number of mobile apps than the Apple App Store. In addition, a large percentage of Android device users seem free to pay applications on paid applications. Therefore, developers must aggressively promote their mobile applications to achieve higher numbers of downloads and implement deployment options for applications. They should also implement an extensive digital marketing strategy to promote the application by targeting the most relevant users. Many developers should use the services of digital marketing professionals to aggressively promote their applications.
7) Patent problems
Users have the ability to choose between different Android applications that provide identical features and functionality. But developers often find it daunting to create applications with unique features and functionality. They often include features and features in the app that resemble some apps available in the same category in the Play Store. Unlike Apple, Google does not implement strict guidelines to evaluate the quality of new applications sent to your app store. The lack of standardized quality assessment guidelines often causes developers to tackle patent issues. Some developers must design and customize their applications in the future to avoid patent issues.
Most Android application developers are currently working in a flexible development environment to quickly create Android applications. They must be co-ordinated with QA professionals consistently and actively participate in mobile application testing apparatus.